Definition of oil change intervals based on the analysis of selected physicochemical properties of used engine oils
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Power Engineering and Transportation at University of Life Sciences in Lublin.
2
Department of Industrial Commodity Science at Cracow University of Economics.
3
Department of Power Engineering and Transportation at University of Life Sciences in Lublin.
Publication date: 2018-02-01
 
Combustion Engines 2018,172(1), 44–50
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of a thorough analysis of selected physicochemical parameters of engine oils at the end of their useful life, based on the oil change intervals assumed by vehicle users. Twelve samples of used Castrol Edge 5W/30 synthetic oil and five samples of used Castrol Magnatec 10W/40 semi-synthetic oil were tested. The Eralyticss ERASPEC OIL device was used for the assessment of the following parameters: degree of oxidation, degree of nitration, degree of sulfonation, water content, glycol content, total base number (TBN), total acid number (TAN) and kinematic viscosity at 40°C and 100°C. The research was conducted on the basis of the ASTM E2412-10 standard. The results regarding the parameter limit exceedances have also been presented in the paper. For both synthetic and semi-synthetic oils, the exceedance of kinematic viscosity measured at 40°C was particularly striking. In fourteen samples (out of seventeen tested), at least one exceedance of the limit value (out of nine analyzed) has been observed.
 
REFERENCES (13)
1.
BASU, A., BERNDORFER, A., BUELNA, C. et al. Smart sensing of oil degradation and oil level measurements in gasoline engines. SAE Technical Paper. 2000.
 
2.
GOMÓŁKA, L., AUGUSTYNOWICZ, A., MACIĄG, A. Analiza stopnia degradacji oleju smarującego w silnikach spalinowych. Silniki Spalinowe. 2011, 50.
 
3.
IDZIOR, M., WICHTOWSKA, K. Badanie wpływu przebiegu pojazdów na zmiany właściwości olejów silnikowych. Autobusy : technika, eksploatacja, systemy transportowe. 2016, 17(6).
 
4.
JUN, H.-B., KIRITSIS, D., GAMBERA, M. et al. Predictive algorithm to determine the suitable time to change automotive engine oil. Computers & Industrial Engineering. 2006, 51(4).
 
5.
KRAL, J., KONECNY, B., KRAL, J. et al. Degradation and chemical change of longlife oils following intensive use in automobile engines. Measurement. 2014, 50.
 
6.
KRUPOWIES, J. Analiza zmian właściwości użytkowych olejów smarowych firmy BP w czasie ich eksploatacji. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademia Morska w Szczecinie. 2006, 10 (82).
 
7.
KRUPOWIES, J. Badania i ocena zmian właściwości użytkowych olejów urządzeń okrętowych. Studia Akademia Morska w Szczecinie. 2009, 49.
 
8.
MALINOWSKA, M. Analiza zanieczyszczeń oleju silnikowego stosowanego w silniku Cegielski-Sulzer 3AL25/30. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni. 2014, 83.
 
9.
SEJKOROVÁ, M., HURTOVÁ, I., GLOS, J. et al. Definition of a Motor Oil Change Interval for High‑Volume Diesel Engines Based on its Current Characteristics Assessment. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2017, 65(2).
 
10.
URZĘDOWSKA, W., STĘPIEŃ, Z. Wybrane zagadnienia dotyczące zmian właściwości silnikowego oleju smarowego w eksploatacji. Nafta-Gaz. 2012, 12.
 
11.
VASANTHAN, B., DEVARADJANE, G., SHANMUGAM, V. Online condition monitoring of lubricating oil on test bench diesel engine & vehicle. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015, 9.
 
12.
WOLAK, A., ZAJĄC, G. The kinetics of changes in kinematic viscosity of engine oils under similar operating conditions. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc – Maintenance and Reliability. 2017, 19(2).
 
13.
WOLAK, A., ZAJAC, G. Changes in the operating characteristics of engine oils: a comparison of the results obtained with the use of two automatic devices. Measurement. 2017, 113C.
 
 
CITATIONS (4):
1.
Impact Assessment of Farm Tractor Engine Fuel Injector Damage on Engine Oil Properties
Wojciech Gołębiowski, Grzegorz Zając
Agricultural Engineering
 
2.
Evaluating petrol engine oil deterioration through oxidation and nitration parameters by low-cost IR sensor
H. Shinde, A. Bewoor
Applied Petrochemical Research
 
3.
Analysis of Engine Oils from Farm Tractors in the Aspect of their Change
Wojciech Gołębiowski, Grzegorz Zając, Artur Wolak
Agricultural Engineering
 
4.
Motor oil degradation during urban cycle road tests
Lei Wei, Haitao Duan, Yongliang Jin, Dan Jia, Bingxue Cheng, Jianfang Liu, Jian Li
Friction
 
eISSN:2658-1442
ISSN:2300-9896