Bio-ketones from lignocellulosic biomass: experimental investigation on fuel properties, combustion and emissions characteristics of cyclopentanone blend with diesel in compression ignition engine
More details
Hide details
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham.
Publication date: 2017-11-01
Combustion Engines 2017,171(4), 81-86
Use of alternative fuels in compression ignition engines is the topic for many studies. This paper presents the results of lubricity, calorific value, viscosity, surface tension and density of a ketone blend with diesel to use as a fuel in compression ignition engine. Analyses of fuel properties are vital due to their effect on fuel system. In addition, this study is related to the development of future biofuels and it indicates the effect of oxygen double bond in molecular structure of ketones on important fuel properties. Cyclopentanone which has cyclic molecular structure was used; it can be produced from lignocellulosic biomass through various processing ways. This ketone was blended with diesel fuel at 10% vol. Results from fuel properties tests were compared to the conventional diesel fuel. In the next step this blend was tested in a research diesel engine to analyse its combustion behaviour and emission characteristics of exhaust gases; these results were compared with ultra-low sulphur diesel fuel. Results showed that cyclopentanone, as an additive to diesel, improved surface tension and density of the fuel but in contrast had negative effect on viscosity, lubricity and calorific value of the fuel, but still in the standard range. Combustion behaviour of this fuel in the diesel engine also showed longer ignition delay of ketone blend and also that gaseous emission such as CO and THC are higher than from diesel fuel and NOx emission is less than from conventional diesel fuel combustion.
ARBAB, M.I., MASJUKI, H.H., VARMAN, M. et al. Fuel properties, engine performance and emission characteristic of common biodiesels as a renewable and sustainable source of fuel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013, 22, 133-147.
ISLAM, M.A., BROWN, R.J., BROOKS, P.R. et al. Investigation of the effects of the fatty acid profile on fuel properties using a multi-criteria decision analysis. Energy Conversion and Management. 2015, 98, 340-347.
SCHNEPF, R., YACOBUCCI, B.D. Renewable fuel standard (RFS): overview and issues. 2013. Congressional Research Service.
UNEEN-590, Automotive fuels–diesel-requirements and test methods. 2004.
ASTMD975-06, Standard specification for diesel fuel oils.
Lapuerta, M., Armas, O., Rodríguez-Fernández, J. Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2008, 34(2), 198-223.
GRABOSKI, M.S., MCCORMICK, R.L. Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuels in diesel engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 1998, 24(2), 125-164.
DUFFIN, A. Methyl ketones, A sweeter smelling biofuel. 2012.
BARARI, G., SARATHY, S.M., VASU, S.S. Improved combustion kinetic model and HCCI engine simulations of di-isopropyl ketone ignition. Fuel. 2016, 164, 141-150.
DOUSTDAR, O., WYSZYNSKI, M.L., MAHMOUDI, H., TSOLAKIS, A. Enhancing the properties of Fischer-Tropsch fuel produced from syngas over Co/SiO2 catalyst: lubricity and calorific value. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2016.
SUKJIT, E., DEARN, K.D. Enhancing the lubricity of an environmentally friendly Swedish diesel fuel MK1. Wear. 2011, 271(9–10), 1772-1777.
BOGARRA-MACIAS, M., DOUSTDAR, O., FAYAD, M.A. et al. Performance of a drop-in biofuel emulsion on a single-cylinder research diesel engine. Combustion Engines. 2016, 166, 9-16.
BSI, BS EN ISO 12156-1:2006, Diesel fuel, assessment of lubricity using the high frequency reciprocationg rig (HFRR) Part 1. Test Method. 2006.
Standard, A.N., Standard test method for heat of combustion of liquid hydrocarbon fuels by bomb calorimeter/ASTM D240-02. 2007. ASTM International United States.
SITAlabSolutions. Bubble pressure method for measuring the dynamic surface tension. 2017.
PCS, USV Ultra shear viscometer brochure. 2016, PCS Instruments.
PIASZYK, J., LEUNG, P., WYSZYNSKI, M.L. et al. Neat tallow combustion in a large diesel engine for electricity generation from waste. Energy & Fuels. 2012, 26(12), 7288-7298.
FAYAD, M.A., TSOLAKIS, A., FERNÁNDEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, D. et al. Manipulating modern diesel engine particulate emission characteristics through butanol fuel blending and fuel injection strategies for efficient diesel oxidation catalysts. Applied Energy. 2017, 190, 490-500.
SUKJIT, E., HERREROS, J.M., PIASZYK, J. et al. Finding synergies in fuels properties for the design of renewable fuels – hydroxylated biodiesel effects on butanol-diesel blends. Environmental Science & Technology. 2013, 47(7), 3535-3542.
KOIVISTO, E., LADOMMATOS, N., GOLD, M. Compression ignition and exhaust gas emissions of fuel molecules which can be produced from lignocellulosic biomass: levulinates, valeric esters, and ketones. Energy & Fuels. 2015, 29(9), 5875-5884.
Cobalt Catalysts Preparation and Characterization over Alumina Support for Fischer Tropsch Synthesis
Nima Taher, Maedeh Mahmoudi, Seyyede Sajjadivand
Biofuels Engineering
A Comprehensive Review in Microwave Pyrolysis of Biomass, Syngas Production and Utilisation
Ali Al-Qahtani
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top