KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Jatropha oil was blended with kerosene in ratios; JOK0, JOK20, JOK30, JOK40 and JOK50 and benchmarked against conventional diesel fuel. The blended fuel samples was test-run on a TD110-TD115 TQ small CI engine test rig, and emission levels for the fuel samples were examined using an SQV automobile exhaust gas analyzer. The JOK20 fuel sample offered a better performance in terms of higher BP, BTE, and EGT followed by; JOK30, JOK40 and JOK50 blends; and also exhibited lower SFC, BSEC and AFR, hence less fuel consuming than diesel fuel. A reduction in CO emission was recorded for JOK20, and a significant cut was also observed for JOK30, JOK40 blends with load increase.; while, JOK30, JOK40 and JOK50 samples exhibited higher CO2 and lower UHC emission levels than diesel. No traceable level of NOx emission was recorded for JOK20 fuel sample.
 
REFERENCES (40)
1.
BIRHANU, A., AYALEW, S. A review on potential and status of biofuel production in Ethiopia. Jounral of Plant Sciences. 2017, 5(2), 82-89. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jps....
 
2.
PRAMANIK, K. Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in CI engines. Renewable Energy. 2003, 28(2), 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-....
 
3.
HANUMANTHA, Y.V., VOLETI, R.S., HARIHARAN, V.S. et al. Use of jatropha methyl ester and its blends as alternative fuel in diesel engine. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Science and Engineering. 2009, 31(3). https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-....
 
4.
AGARWAL, A.K. Vegetable oils verses diesel fuel: development and use of biodiesel in a compression ignition engine. TIDE. 1998, 8(3), 191-204.
 
5.
ENGELMAN, H.W., GUENTHER, D.A., SOLVIS, T.W. Vegetable oil as diesel fuel. Diesel and Gas Engine Power Division of ASME. 1978, 78-DGP-19.
 
6.
SIMS, R.E.H., RAINE, R.R., MCLEOD, R.J. Rapeseed oil as a fuel for diesel engines. SAE Presented, 1981. Australia.
 
7.
BASIC, N.J., HUMKE, A.L. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel supplements? Automotive Engineering. 1981, 89(4), 37-41.
 
8.
WORGETHER, M. Results of a long term test based on rapeseed oil fuel. Beyond the energy crisis. Opportunity and challenge. 3rd International Conference on Energy Use Management. Berlin. In: FAZZOLORE, R.A., SMITH, C.R. (eds), 1981, 1955-65, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
 
9.
SAPAUN, S.M., MASJUKI, H.H., AZLAN, A. The use of palm oil diesel fuel substitute. Journal of Power and Energy. 1996, 210(1), 47-53. https://doi.org/10.1243/PIME_P....
 
10.
RYAN, T.W., DODGE, L.G., CALLAHAN, T.J. The effect of vegetable oil properties on injection and combustion in two different diesel engines. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society. 1984, 61(10), 1610-1619. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0254....
 
11.
PETERSON, C.L., CRUZ, R.O., PERKINGS, L. et al. Transesterification of vegetable oil for use as diesel fuel: A progress report. ASAE. PNWS, 1990, 90-610. ASAE. St Joseph, MI 49085.
 
12.
REID, J.F., HANSEN, A.C., GOERING, C.E. Quantifying diesel injector coking with computer vision. Transactions of ASAE. 1989, 32(5), 1503-1506. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.....
 
13.
EJILAH, I.R., ASERE, A.A., ADISA, A.B. et al. The effect of diesel fuel jatropha curcas oil methyl ester blends on the performance of a variable speed compression ignition engine. Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering. 2010, 1(3), 80-85. http://www.ajabe.org.
 
14.
AL WIDYAN, M.I., AL SHYOUKH, A.O. Experimental evaluation of the transesterification of waste palm oil into biodiesel. Bioresource Technology. 2002, 85(3), 253-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-....
 
15.
DEMIRBAS, A. Biodiesel fuels from vegetable oils via catalytic and non-catalytic supercritical alcohol transesterifications and other method: a survey. Energy Conversion and Management. 2003, 44(13), 2093-2109. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-....
 
16.
NARAYANA, C.M., Vegetable oil as engine fuels-prospect, Proceeding on Recent Trend in Automotive Fuels. 2002, Nagpur, India.
 
17.
AZAD, A.K., AMEER, U.S.M., ALAM, M.M. Experimental study of DI Diesel engine performance using biodiesel blend with kerosene. International Journal of Energy and Environment, 2013, 4(2), 265-278. https://www.ijee.ieefoundation....
 
18.
GHORMADE, T.K., DESHPANDE, N.V. Soybean oil as an alternative fuel for I.C. engines. Proceedings of Recent Trends in Automotive Fuels. 2002, Nagpur, India.
 
19.
HUZAYYIN, A.S., BAWADY, A.H., RADY, M.A., et al. Experimental evaluation of Diesel engine performance and emission using blends of jojoba oil and Diesel fuel. Energy Conversion and Management. 2004, 45(13-14), 2093-2112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enco....
 
20.
SANJID, A., MASJUKI, H.H., KALAM, M.A. et al. Production of palm and jatropha based biodiesel and investigation of palm-jatropha combined blend properties, performance, exhaust emission and noise in an unmodified diesel engine. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2014, 65, 295-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcle....
 
21.
NALGUNDWAR, A., PAUL, B., SHARMA, S.K. Comparison of performance and emissions characteristics of DI CI engine fueled with dual biodiesel blends of palm and jatropha. Fuel. 2016, 173, 172-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
22.
AGARWAL, A.K., SHRIVASTAVA, A., PRASAD, R.K. Evaluation of toxic potential of particulates emitted from Jatropha biodiesel fuelled engine. Renewable Energy. 2016, 99, 564-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rene....
 
23.
LONGWIC, R., SANDER, P., TATARYNOW, D. Ecological aspects of using mixtures of canola oil with n-hexane in diesel engine. Combustion Engines. 2022, 190(3), 56-60. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-14....
 
24.
MARSZALEK, N., LIS, T. The future of sustainable aviation fuels. Combustion Engines. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-14....
 
25.
KATHIRVELU, B., SUBRAMANIAN, S., GOVINDAN, N. et al. Emission characteristics of biodiesel obtained from Jatropha seeds and fish wastes in a diesel engine. Sustainable Environment Research. 2017, 27(6), 283-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.serj....
 
26.
HEMANANDH, J., GANESAN, S., SRIDHAR RAJA, K.S. et al. Production of alternate fuel using jatropha oil and kerosene – analysis of their performance and emission characteristics. In: Arockiarajan, A., Duraiselvam, M., Raju, R. (eds) Advances in Industrial Automation and Smart Manufacturing. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-98....
 
27.
MADIWALE, S., KARTHIKEYAN, A., BHOJWANI, V. Properties investigation and performance analysis of a diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha, soybean, palm and cottonseed biodiesel using ethanol as an additive. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2018, 5(1), 657-664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matp....
 
28.
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING OF MATERIALS. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Philadelphia: ASTM 19103,1983.
 
29.
KUMAR, A., BHATTACHARYA, T., HASNAIN, S.M. et al. Applications of biomass-derived materials for energy production, conversion, and storage. Materials Science for Energy Technologies. 2020, 3, 905-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mset....
 
30.
TQ. TD110-TD115 Test Bed and Instrumentation Manual for Small Engines, TQ Educational and Training Publishers, London 2000, 1-6.
 
31.
WOLFF, A., KOSZAŁKA, G. Influence of engine load on piston ring pack operation of an automotive IC engine. Combustion Engines. 2022, 190(3), 88-94. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-14....
 
32.
KUMAR KADIAN, A., KHAN, M., SHARMA, R.P. et al. Performance enhancement and emissions mitigation of DI-CI engine fueled with ternary blends of jatropha biodiesel-diesel-heptanol. Materials Science for Energy Technologies. 2022, 5, 145-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mset....
 
33.
CIEŚLIŃSKI, J.T., KRZYŻAK, J., KROPIWNICKI, J. et al. Experiments on compression ignition engine powered by nano-fuels. Combustion Engines. 2022, 188(1), 55-59. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-14....
 
34.
PIKONAS, A., PUKALSKAS, S., GRABYS, J. Influence of composition of gasoline-ethanol blends on parameters of internal combustion engines. Journal of Kones, Internal Combustion Engines. 2003, 10(1-2), 205-211. https://www.infona.pl/resource....
 
35.
BAJPAI, S., DAS, L.M. Feasibility of utilization of fatty acid ethyl esters-diesel blends as an actto fatty acid methyl esters-diesel blend. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Biofuels. 2010, 91-100.
 
36.
PLINT AND PARTNERS. Shell-Plint Engine Test Bed Manual. Plint and Partners Publications. England 1984, 8-14.
 
37.
SEN, S.P. Internal Combustion Engine – Theory and Practice. Khanna Publishers, 2nd edition, Delhi, 1994, 133-139.
 
38.
DEVARAJAN, Y., JAYABAL, K.R., RAGUPATHY, D. et al. Emissions analysis on second generation biodiesel. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering. 2017, 11(3), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783....
 
39.
SETHI, V.P., SALARIYA, K.S. Exhaust analysis and performance of a single cylinder diesel engine run on dual fuels. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series C. 2004, 85,1-7.
 
40.
PALASH, S.M., KALAM, M.S., MASJUKI, H.H. et al. Impacts of NOx reducing antioxidant additive on performance and emissions of a multi-cylinder diesel engine fueled with Jatropha biodiesel blends. Energy Conversion and Management. 2014, 77, 577-585. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enco....
 
eISSN:2658-1442
ISSN:2300-9896