In the present study, a flow rig with optical access intended for spray investigations in exhaust system-relevant conditions was analysed in terms of flow and temperature in the spray area using numerical simulations. The operation of the rig was examined for a wide range of exhaust mass flow rates, temperatures and various forms of UWS (urea-water solution) spray plumes. The locations of the injector and thermocouple were verified. Both conventional and flash-boiling injections were considered to assess the effect of the interaction of sprays with a gas flow. The results showed a highly uniform flow in the visualisation area, with only minor fluctuations near the walls. A similar observation was carried out for the temperature distribution. It was found that the extreme operating conditions caused substantial deformations of the spray plumes. However, the selected injector location allowed us to properly observe the spray formation regardless of the flow conditions. The study showed that the examined test rig enabled reliable spray investigations for a wide range of operating points.
The project leading to this application has received funding from the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR), grant no. MAZOWSZE/0101/19-00, programme Ścieżka dla Mazowsza, project budget: 9 880 490.25 PLN. Numerical simulations were performed using AVL FIRE™ software under AVL University Partnership Program.
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Numerical evaluation of urea-mixing devices for close-coupled selective catalytic reduction systems
Bartosz Kaźmierski, Łukasz Kapusta
Combustion Engines
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