Hybrid electric vehicle drives fitted with combustion engines
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Publication date: 2009-02-01
Combustion Engines 2009,136(1), 19–30
Two generic types of hybrid drive fitted with Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) have been considered. The first type is a serial one. The second type is a parallel drive system represented by two subtypes: a compact hybrid drive with two degrees of freedom planetary transmission and a split-sectional drive. Based on example hybrid drives for city buses, a computer simulation is an appropriate method as a design tool. Special stress has been put on the compact hybrid drive with a planetary transmission, which seems to be the most advantageous. A serial hybrid drive has also been discussed in detail because currently this solution is the most common one applied in contemporary hybrid buses.
An instantaneous optimization strategy based on efficiency maps for internal combustion engine/battery hybrid vehicles
Kürşad Gökce, Ayhan Ozdemir
Energy Conversion and Management