Selecting a material for an aircraft diesel engine block
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Publication date: 2019-07-01
Combustion Engines 2019,178(3), 4–8
Selecting appropriate materials is presently a complex task as material databases cover tens of thousands of different types of mate-rials. Product designing proceeds in numerous stages and in most of them there are open questions with not only one correct solution but better and worse ones. This paper overviews the Diesel engine body construction materials mentioned in the literature and discusses a certain practical method to select materials for a cylinder head and a Diesel engine block as a prototype. The engine body, depending on its purpose, is most frequently iron or aluminum. If it is important to optimize parts to achieve low weight, aluminum alloys are usual-ly applied, especially in the automotive and aviation industries. In the latter case, weight is even more important so new types of magne-sium alloys which are even lighter than aluminum ones are developed and used. However, magnesium alloys are, for example, more flammable and not enough strong so, for safety reasons, this type of material is not used solely in engine bodies.