Experimental evaluation of the properties of filter materials in the selection of material for filtration of inlet air of internal combustion engines was carried out. The filtration characteristics were determined: filtration efficiency and accuracy, as well as flow resistance depending on the dust mass load. Filter materials based on cellulose, polyester, microfiber glass, and cotton and polyester nonwoven beds were studied. Two filter beds consisting of three base filter materials were designed: composite K1 (polyester-microglass-cellulose) and composite K2 (cellulose-microglass-cellulose), and their characteristics were performed. The air filtration quality factor was used to analyze the test results. The coefficient of filtration efficiency was defined, showing the effect of the preliminary stage on the total time of the filtration process. It was shown that the K1 composite has high (dpmax = 1.5÷3 µm) filtration accuracy, high initial filtration efficiency (99.8%), which shortens the pre-stage, and extends to 96-98% the duration of the main stage of the filtration process. The K1 composite obtained more than twice the mass loading of dust (kdK1 = 148,9 g/m2), which will allow the vehicle's mileage to be extended.
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