KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The results of an experimental study of the effect of the pressure drop of the air filter pf on the operat-ing parameters and exhaust emissions of a modern CI internal combustion engine of a truck equipped with an electronically controlled power system are presented. The tests were carried out for an air filter with a clean filter cartridge Δpf0 = 0,58 kPa and with a cartridge contaminated after a service mileage (about 50 thousand km) ΔpfD = 2,024 kPa. In each test, engine performance, exhaust emissions and relative change in emissions were determined: CO, NOx, HC, CO2, H2O. It was found that an increase in the filter resistance pf causes a decrease in the filling degree by 12%, engine useful power by almost 10%, exhaust gas temperature by a maximum of 30oC and an increase in specific fuel consumption by almost 5%. Air filter resistance has no significant effect on NOx emissions and HC concentration. There is a reduction in H2O emissions by up to 7%, CO by up to 13% and CO2 by up to 4%, and an increase in oxygen emissions by 15%, depending on operating conditions.
 
REFERENCES (71)
1.
Yun J-E. Optimal design of off-road utility terrain vehicle air filter intake. Energies. 2021;(14):2269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ en14082269.
 
2.
Mustafa NS, Ngadiman NHA, Abas MA, Noordin MY. Application of box-behnken analysis on the optimisation of air intake system for a naturally aspirated engine. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME). 2020;17(2):7607-7617. https://doi.org/10.15282/ijame....
 
3.
Szczepankowski A, Szymczak J, Przysowa R. The effect of a dusty environment upon performance and operating parameters of aircraft gas turbine engines. Specialists’ Meeting – Impact of Volcanic Ash Clouds on Military Operations NATO AVT-272-RSM-047. Vilnius. 05.2017. https://www.researchgate.net/p....
 
4.
Tang R-J, Hu B-F, Zhang M, Lu Z-J. Study on separation characteristics of dust and droplet on air intake pre-filtration systems of CV based on CFD simulation and test. International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computing Science (ICAICS 2019). https://doi.org/10.12783/dtcse....
 
5.
Dahlan AA, Muhammad MF, Abdul Latiff Z, Mohd Perang MR, Abu Bakar SA. Acoustic study of an air intake system of SI engine using 1-dimensional approach. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME) 2019;16(1):6281-6300. https://journal.ump.edu.my/ija....
 
6.
Sawant P, Bari S. Effects of variable intake valve timings and valve lift on the performance and fuel efficiency of an internal combustion engine. SAE Technical Paper. 2018. https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-0....
 
7.
Bojdo N, Filippone A. A simple model to assess the role of dust composition and size on deposition in rotorcraft engines. Aerospace. 2019;6(44). https://doi.org/10.3390/aerosp....
 
8.
Smialek JL, Archer FA, Garlick RG. Turbine airfoil degradation in the Persian GulfWar. J Miner Met Mater Soc. 1994;46(12):39-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0322....
 
9.
Summers CE. The physical characteristics of road and field dust. SAE Technical Paper. 1925. https://doi.org/10.4271/250010.
 
10.
Bojdo N, Filippone A. Effect of desert particulate composition on helicopter engine degradation rate. Proceedings of the 40th European Rotorcraft Forum. Southampton, 2-5.09.2014. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2....
 
11.
Jaroszczyk T. Air filtration in heavy-duty motor vehicle applications. Proc. Dust Symposium III Vicksburg MS. 15-17.09.1987.
 
12.
Rienda IC, Alves CA. Road dust resuspension: a review. Atmospheric Research. 2021;261:105740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmo....
 
13.
Vogel A, Durant AJ, Cassiani M, Clarkson RJ, Slaby M, Diplas S et al. Simulation of volcanic ash ingestion into a large aero engine: particle–fan interactions. ASME J. Turbomach. 2019;141(1):011010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041....
 
14.
Sawczuk W, Merkisz-Guranowska A, Rilo Cañás A-M, Kołodziejski S. New approach to brake pad wear modelling based on test stand friction-mechanical investigations. Eksploat Niezawodn. 2022;24(3):419-426. http://doi.org/10.17531/ein.20....
 
15.
Glišović J, Pešić R, Lukić J, Miloradović D. Airborne wear particles from automotive brake system: environmental and health issues. 1st International Conference on Quality of Life. Kragujevac. 9-10.06.2016. https://www.researchgate.net/p....
 
16.
Zimakowska-Laskowska M, Laskowski P. Emission from internal combustion engines and battery electric vehicles: case study for Poland. Atmosphere. 2022;(13):401. https://doi.org/10.3390/ atmos13030401.
 
17.
Wagner S, Klöckner, P, Reemtsma T. Aging of tire and road wear particles in terrestrial and freshwater environments – a review on processes, testing, analysis and impact. Chemosphere. 2022;(288):132467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chem....
 
18.
Jaroszczyk T, Pardue BA, Heckel SP. Kallsen KJ. Engine air cleaner filtration performance – theoretical and experimental background of testing. Proceedings of the AFS Fourteenth Annual Technical Conference and Exposition, Tampa. 1.05.2001.
 
19.
Bojdo N. Rotorcraft engine air particle separation. Doctoral Thesis. Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences 2012. https://www.escholar.mancheste... (accessed on 19.04.2021).
 
20.
Long J, Tang M, Sun Z, Liang Y, Hu J. Dust loading performance of a novel submicro-fiber composite filter medium for engine. Materials. 2018;(11):2038. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma1110....
 
21.
Siedlecki M, Szymlet N, Fuć P, Kurc B. Analysis of the possibilities of reduction of exhaust emissions from a farm tractor by retrofitting exhaust aftertreatment. Energies. 2022;(15):7963. https:// doi.org/10.3390/en15217963.
 
22.
Needelman WM. Madhavan PM. Review of lubricant contamination and diesel engine wear. SAE Technical Paper. 1988. https://doi.org/10.4271/881827.
 
23.
Dziubak T, Dziubak SD. A study on the effect of inlet air pollution on the engine component wear and operation. Energies. 2022;(15):1182. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1503....
 
24.
Wróblewski P, Rogólski R. Experimental Analysis of the Influence of the Application of TiN, TiAlN, CrN and DLC1 coatings on the friction losses in an aviation internal combustion engine intended for the propulsion of ultralight aircraft. Materials. 2021;(14):6839. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma1422....
 
25.
Wróblewski P. Effect of asymmetric elliptical shapes of the sealing ring sliding surface on the main parameters of the oil film. Combustion Engines. 2017;168(1):84-93. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-20....
 
26.
Wróblewski P. The effect of the distribution of variable characteristics determining the asymmetry of the sealing rings sliding surfaces on the values of friction loss coefficients and other selected parameters of oil film. Combustion Engines. 2017;171(4):107-116. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-20....
 
27.
Barbolini M, Di Pauli, F, Traina M. Simulation der luftfiltration zur auslegung von filterelementen. MTZ. 2014;(75):52-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s35146....
 
28.
Schaeffer, JW, Olson LM. Air filtration media for transportation applications. Filtr. Sep. 1998;35(2):124-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-....
 
29.
Dziubak T. experimental studies of dust suction irregularity from multi-cyclone dust collector of two-stage air filter. Energies. 2021;14(12):3577. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1412....
 
30.
Muschelknautz U. Design criteria for multicyclones in a limited space. Powder Technol. 2019;(357):2-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powt....
 
31.
Dziubak T, Dziubak SD. experimental study of filtration materials used in the car air intake. Materials. 2020;13(16):3498. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma1316....
 
32.
Jaroszczyk T, Petrik S: Donahue, K. Recent development in heavy duty engine air filtration and the role of nanofiber filter media. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport. 2009;16(4):207-216. https://kones.eu/ep/2009/vol16....
 
33.
Rieger M, Hettkamp P, Löhl T, Madeira PMP. Efficient engine air filter for tight installation spaces. ATZ Heavy Duty Worldwide. 2019;12(2):56-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41321....
 
34.
Wei S, Qian F, Cheng J, Xiao P, Tang L, Jiang R. Flow field analysis and structure optimization of honeycomb air filter. The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering. 2019;19(2):271-278. https://www.jproeng.com/CN/10.....
 
35.
Dziubak T, Boruta G. Experimental and theoretical research on pressure drop changes in a two-stage air filter used in tracked vehicle engine. Separations. 2021;(8):71. https://doi.org/10.3390/separa....
 
36.
Poon WS, Liu BY. Dust loading behavior of engine and general purpose air cleaning filters. SAE Technical Paper. 1997. https://doi.org/10.4271/970676.
 
37.
Jaroszczyk T, Fallon SL, Pardue BA. Analysis of engine air cleaner efficiency for different size dust distributions. Fluid-Particle Separation Journal. 2002;14(2):75-88.
 
38.
Zhang W, Deng S, Wang Y, Lin Z. Modeling the surface filtration pressure drop of PTFE HEPA filter media for low load applications. Building and Environment. 2020;(177):106905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buil....
 
39.
Barris MA. Total FiltrationTM. The influence of filter selection on engine wear. Emissions and performance. SAE Technical Paper. 1995. https://doi.org/10.4271/952557.
 
40.
Bugli N. Automotive engine air cleaners – performance trends. SAE Technical Paper. 2001. https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-0....
 
41.
Jaroszczyk J, Wake J, Connor MJ. Factors affecting the performance of engine air filters. J Eng Gas Turb Power. 1993;115(4):693-700. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2906....
 
42.
Bugli NJ, Green GS. Performance and benefits of zero maintenance air induction systems. SAE Technical Paper. 2005. https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-0....
 
43.
Norman K, Huff S, West B. Effect of intake air filter condition on vehicle fuel economy. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge. 2009. https://www.fueleconomy.gov/fe....
 
44.
Heywood JB. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill Education: New York; 2018.
 
45.
Ziółkowski J, Małachowski J, Oszczypała M, Szkutnik-Rogoż J, Konwerski J. Simulation model for analysis and evaluation of selected measures of the helicopter’s readiness. P I Mech Eng G-J Aer. 2022;236(13):2751-2762. https://doi.org/10.1177/095441....
 
46.
Ziółkowski J, Małachowski J, Oszczypała M, Szkutnik-Rogoż J, Lęgas A. Modelling of the military helicopter operation process in terms of readiness. Defence Sci J. 2021;(71):602-611. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.7....
 
47.
Zhu Q, Zong Y, Tan YR, Lyu J, Yu W, Yang W et al. Evaluating the effect of n-butanol additive on particulate matter emission in diesel engine. Fuel. 2023;(332):126003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
48.
Erol D, Yeşilyurt MK., Jaman H, Doğan B. Evaluation of the use of diesel-biodiesel-hexanol fuel blends in diesel engines with exergy analysis and sustainability index. Fuel. 2022;(337):126892. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
49.
Su X, Chen H, Gao N, Ding M, Wang X, Xu H et al. Combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fueled with diesel/cyclohexanol blend fuels under different exhaust gas recirculation ratios and injection timings. Fuel. 2023;(32):125986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
50.
Andrych-Zalewska M, Merkisz J, Pielecha J. The influence of the heating time of a catalyst-covered glow plug on the exhaust emissions from a diesel engine. Combustion Engines. 2021;184(1):52-56. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-13....
 
51.
Yan J, Gao S, Zhao W, Lee TH. Study of combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel, butanol-diesel and hexanol-diesel mixtures under low intake pressure conditions. Energ Convers Manage. 2021;(243):114273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enco....
 
52.
Zhao W, Yan J, Gao S, Lee TH, Li X. The combustion and emission characteristics of a common-rail diesel engine fueled with diesel, propanol, and pentanol blends under low intake pressures. Fuel. 2022;(307);121692. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
53.
Karczewski M, Szczęch L. Influence of the F-34 unified battlefield fuel with bio components on usable parameters of the IC engine. Eksploat Niezawodn. 2016;18(3):358-366. https://doi.org/10.17531/ein.2....
 
54.
Dziubak T. Analiza wpływu oporu przepływu filtru powietrza na napełnienie tłokowego silnika spalinowego. Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Szczecińskiej. 1992;19(491):33-40.
 
55.
Dziubak T, Bąkała L. Problems of selecting filter partition in passenger car engine intake air filters. Combustion Engines. 2021;185(2):44-59. https://doi.org/10.19206/CE-13....
 
56.
Dziubak T, Trawiński G. The experimental research of the air filter flow drag influence on the T359E engine operation parameters. Bulletin of the Military University of Technology. 2001;4(584):135-149. https://biuletynwat.pl/resourc....
 
57.
Dziubak T, Trawiński G. The experimental assessment of air supply system modification on inlet air filtration efficiency and military vehicle engine effectiveness improvement. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport. 2010;17(3):79-86. https://kones.eu/ep2010_3.html.
 
58.
Yang A-J, Song Z-J, Yang J-W, Zhao C-J. Effect of air filter on performance of S1110 diesel engine. IOP Conf Ser: Mater Sci Eng. 2019;688(2):022050. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-8....
 
59.
Plotnikov LV, Bernasconi S, Brodov YM. The effects of the intake pipe configuration on gas exchange, and technical and economic indicators of diesel engine with 21/21 dimension. Procedia Engineer. 2017;(206):140-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proe....
 
60.
Abdullah NR, Shahruddin NS, Mamat AMI. Kasolang S, Zulkifli A, Mamat R. Effects of air intake pressure to the fuel economy and exhaust emissions on a small SI engine. Procedia Engineer. 2013;(68):278-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proe....
 
61.
Shannak B, Damseh R, Alhusein M. Influence of air intake pipe on engine exhaust emission. Forschung im Ingenieurwesen. 2005;70(2):128-132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10010....
 
62.
Thomas J, West B, Huff S. Effect of air filter condition on diesel vehicle fuel economy. SAE Technical Paper. 2013. https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-0....
 
63.
Synák F, Kalašová A, Synák J. Air filter and selected vehicle characteristics. Sustainability. 2020;12(22):9326. https://doi.org/10.3390/ su12229326.
 
64.
Dziubak T, Karczewski M. Experimental study of the effect of air filter pressure drop on internal combustion engine performance. Energies. 2022;(15):3285. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1509....
 
65.
Technical data: FH, FM Silnik D13C460, EU5SCR-M, VOLVO. 2021. https://stpi.it.volvo.com/STPI... (accessed on 27.03.2022).
 
66.
PN-ISO 15550:2009; Silniki Spalinowe Tłokowe – Określanie i Metoda Pomiaru Mocy Silnika – Wymagania Ogólne. PKN: Warszawa, Poland, 2009.
 
67.
AR6 Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis of Climate Change, www.ipcc.ch (accessed on 08.11.2022).
 
68.
Singh M, Sandhu SS. Effect of boost pressure on combustion, performance and emission characteristics of a multicylinder CRDI engine fueled with argemone biodiesel/diesel blends. Fuel. 2021;(300):121001. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel....
 
69.
Karczewski M, Wieczorek M. Assessment of the impact of applying a non-factory dual-fuel (diesel/natural gas) installation on the traction properties and emissions of selected exhaust components of a road semi-trailer truck unit. Energies. 2021;(14):8001. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1423....
 
70.
Rozporządzenie Ministra Infrastruktury z dnia 31 grudnia 2002 r. w Sprawie Warunków Technicznych Pojazdów Oraz Zakresu ich Niezbędnego Wyposażenia (Dz. U. z 2016 r. poz. 2022, z 2017 r. poz. 2338 oraz z 2018 r. poz. 855). https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.... (accessed on 08.11.2022).
 
71.
Karczewski M, Chojnowski J, Szamrej G. A review of low-CO2 emission fuels for a dual-fuel RCCI engine. Energies. 2021;(14):5067. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1416....
 
 
CITATIONS (1):
1.
 
eISSN:2658-1442
ISSN:2300-9896
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top