The use of nanoparticles in fuels provides new opportunities for modification of fuel properties, which may affect the operational parameters of engines, in particular the efficiency and fuel consumption. The paper presents comparison of compression ignition engine performance fuelled with neat diesel and nano-diesel. Alumina (Al2O3) was used as nanoparticles. Surface-active substances, including Span 80 surfactant, as well as water admixture were used to improve the stability of the produced fuel. Measurements of the thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of the produced mixtures were conducted. In this study was used naturally aspirated, water cooled, four-stroke diesel engine. Addition of Al2O3 nanoparticles result in 4% reduced fuel consumption, addition of TiO2 nanoparticles result in 10% reduced fuel consumption with respect to neat diesel fuel.
SHAAFI, T., SAIRAM, K., GOPINATH, A. et al. Effect of dispersion of various nanoadditives on the performance and emission characteristics of a CI engine fuelled with diesel, biodiesel and blends — a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2015, 49, 563-573.
KHOND, V.W., KRIPLANI, V.M. Effect of nanofluid additives on performances and emissions of emulsified diesel and biodiesel fueled stationary CI engine: a comprehensive review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016, 59, 1338-1348.
SAXENA, V., KUMAR, N., SAXENA, V.K. A comprehensive review on combustion and stability aspects of metal nanoparticles and its additive effect on diesel and biodiesel fuelled C.I. engine. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017, 70, 563-588.
CIEŚLIŃSKI, J.T., KRYGIER, K., SMOLEŃ, S. Measurement of temperature-dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity of alumina and titania thermal oil nanofluids. Archives of Thermodynamics. 2015, 36(4), 35-47.
CIEŚLIŃSKI, J.T. Wpływ nanocząstek na własności paliw silnikowych. XXIII Zjazd Termodynamików. Abstracts. 2017, 69-70.
VAIRAMUTHU, G., SUNDARAPANDIAN, S., KAILASANATHAN, C. et al. Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle on Calophyllum inophyllum (PUNNAI) biodiesel blended with diesel fuel in DI diesel engine modified by nozzle geometry. Journal of the Energy Institute. 2015, 5, 1-5.
METHA, R.N., MORE, U., MALEK, N. et al. Study of stability and thermodynamic properties of water-in-diesel nanoemulsion fuels with nano-Al additive. Applied Nanoscience. 2015, 5, 891-900.
YANG, W.M. Impact of emulsion fuel with nano-organic additives on the performance of diesel engine. Applied Energy. 2013, 112, 1206-1212.
BASHA, J.S., ANAND, R.B. Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using Carbon Nanotubes blended Jatropha Methyl Ester Emulsions. Alexandria Engineering Journal. 2014, 53, 259-273.
SHAAFI, T., VELRAJ, R. Influence of alumina nanoparticles, ethanol and isopropanol blend as additive with diesel-soybean biodiesel blend fuel: combustion, engine performance and emissions. Renewable Energy. 2015, 80, 655-663.
MEHTA, R.N., CHAKRABORTY, M., PARIKH, P.A. Nanofuels: combustion, engine performance and emissions. Fuel. 2014, 120, 91-97.
KAO, M.J., TING, C.C., LIN, B.F. et al. Aqueous aluminum nano fluid combustion in diesel fuel. Journal of Testing and Evaluation. 2008, 36, 186-190.
MEHTA, R.N., CHAKRABORTY, M., PARIKH, P.A. Impact of hydrogen generated by splitting water with nano-silicon and nano-aluminum on diesel engine performance. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2014, 39, 8098-8105.
WEN, D. Nanofuel as potential secondary energy carrier. Energy & Environmental Science. 2010, 3, 591-600.
KARMAKAR, S., HANBERRY, J., DOOLEY, K.M. et al. Pre and post-combustion characteristics of boron nanoparticles in an ethanol spray flame. International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion. 2011, 10, 1-17.
GAN, Y., QIAO, L. Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum particles. Combustion and Flame. 2010, 158, 354-368.
GAN, Y., LIM, Y.S., QIAO, L. Combustion of nanofluid fuels with the addition of boron and iron particles at dilute and dense concentrations. Combustion and Flame. 2012, 159, 1732-1740.
NADEEM, M., RANGKUTI, C., ANAUR, K. et al. Diesel engine performance and emission evaluation using emulsified fuels stabilized by conventional and gemini surfactants. Fuel. 2006, 85, 2111-2119.
GUMUS, S., OZCAN, H., OZBEY, M. et al. Aluminum oxide and copper oxide nanodiesel fuel properties and usage in a compression ignition engine. Fuel. 2016, 163, 80-87.
MIRZAJANZADEH, M., TABATABAEI, M., ARDJMAND, M. et al. A novel soluble nano-catalysts in diesel-biodiesel fuel blends to improve diesel engine performance and reduce exhaust emissions. Fuel. 2015, 139, 374-382.
LENIN, M.A., SWAMINATHAN, M.R., KUMARESAN, G. Performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine with a nanofuel additive. Fuel. 2013, 109, 362-365.
KESKIN, A, METIN, G, ALTIPARMAK, D. Influence of metallic based fuel additives on performance and exhaust emissions of diesel engine. Energy Conversion and Management. 2011, 52, 60-65.
NARINDER, S., BHARJ, R.S. Effect of CNT-emulsified fuel on performance emission and combustion characteristics of four stroke diesel engine. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology. 2015, 5(1), 477-485.
DEBNATH, B.K., SAHA, U.K., SAHOO, N. A comprehensive review on the application of emulsions as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2015, 42, 196-211.
NORHAFANA, M., NOOR, M.M., SHARIF, P.M. et al. A review of the performance and emissions of nano additives in diesel fuelled compression ignition-engines. 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Mechanical Engineering (IPCME2018), IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019, 469, 012035.
SHAFII, M.B., DANESHVAR, F., JAHANI, N. et al. Effect of ferrofluid on the performance and emission patterns of a four stroke diesel engine. Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2011, 3, 1-5.
SARVESTANY, S.N., FARZAD, A., BAJESTAN, E.E. et al. Effects of magnetic nanofluid fuel combustion on the performance and emission characteristics. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2014, 8, 1745-1750.
KANNAN, G.R., KARVEMBU, R., ANAND, R. Effect of metal based additive on performance emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel. Applied Energy. 2011, 88, 3694-3703.
SAJITH, V., SOBHAN, C.B., PETERSON, G.P. Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle fuel additives on biodiesel. Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2010, 36, 1-16.
SELVAN, V.A.M., ANAND, R.B., UDAYAKUMAR, M. Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle addition in diesel and diesel, biodiesel, ethanol blends on the performance and emission characteristics of a CI engine. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2009, 4, 1-6.
JAMO, H.U., UMAR, I.D., YUSUF, B. et al.: Enhancement of physical properties of biodiesel extracted from palm oil by the addition MgO nano particles. International Journal in Physical and Applied Sciences. 2019, 6(5), 1-9.
KEGL, T., KOVAČ, KRALJ A., KEGL B. et al. Nanomaterials as fuel additives in diesel engines: A review of current state, opportunities, and challenges. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2021, 83, 100897.
Analysis of jatropha oil-kerosene fuel mixtures on the performance of a variable-load direct injection CI engine
Robinson Ejilah, Abiodun Ogbaneme, Osazoduwa Agboneni, Sikiru Adekunle
Combustion Engines
Impact of Temperature and Nanoparticle Concentration on Turbulent Forced Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids
Janusz Cieśliński, Dawid Lubocki, Slawomir Smolen
Review analysis on the performance & emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with various gaseous & bio fuels
Sanjesh Kumar, Geetesh Goga
Materials Today: Proceedings
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top