Evaluation of the impact of the hydration degree of bioethanol on the operation parameters of the spark-ignition engine
More details
Hide details
Department of Fuels and Renewable Energy, Automotive Industry Institute in Warsaw.
Institute of Vehicles, Department of Combustion Engines, Warsaw University of Technology
Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering at Warsaw University of Technology.
Publication date: 2017-05-01
Combustion Engines 2017,169(2), 71-75
The article presents an overview of methods for the production of bioethanol and the possibility of its use to power internalcombustion engines. The effects of supplying spark-ignition engine with bioethanol having various degrees of hydration were examined experimentally on the engine dynamometer. The measurement results were referred to the anhydrous bioethanol, which is used widely as petrol biocomponent and compared in terms of the course of the pressure in the combustion chamber of the engine as well as engine performance parameters – torque and power. It was found that with the decrease in alcohol concentration, the performance of the sparkignition engine deteriorated. The reduction of in-cylinder pressure was proportional to the increase in the water content in the fuel. No significant changes in the general shape of in-cylinder pressure curves were observed. Engine torque and power decreased with an increase in the water content in the fuel, especially at high engine speed. It has been stated that supplying the engine with bioethanol containing up to 6% (v/v) of water does not result in significant losses in engine performance.
AGARWAL, A.K. Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2007, 233, 233-271.
BALAT, M., BALAT, H., ÖZ, C. Progress in bioethanol processing. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2008, 34, 551-554.
BALAT, M., BALAT, H. Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel. Applied Energy. 2009, 86, 2273-2282.
BALAT, M. Production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic materials via biochemical pathway: A review. Energy Conversion and Management. 2011, 52, 858-875.
BAYRAKTAR, H. Experimental and theoretical investigation of using gasoline–ethanol blends in spark-ignition engines. Renewable Energy. 2005, 30(11), 1733-1747.
CHANDRA, R. et al. Methane production from lignocellulosic agricultural crop wastes: A review in context to second generation of biofuel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2012, 16, 1462-1476.
CHANDRA, R., TAKEUCHI, H., HAGESAWA, T., Hydrothermal pretreatment of rice straw biomass: a potential and promising method for enhanced methane production. Applied Energy. 2012, 94, 129-140.
CONCAWE REPORT 3/08 Guidelines for blending and handling motor gasoline containing up to 10% v/v ethanol. Available online: www.concawe.eu/publications/137/40/report-no-3-08 (accessed on 27.03.2016).
COSTA, R.C., SODRE, J.R. Compression ratio effects on an ethanol/gasoline fuelled engine performance. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2011, 31, 278-283.
CZUPRYŃSKI, B., KOTARSKA, K. Zanieczyszczenia chemiczne spirytusów surowych związkami karbonylowym. Inżynieria i Aparatura Chemiczna. 2009, 48, 31-32.
DE FREITAS, L.C., KANEKO, S., Ethanol demand under the flex-fuel technology regime in Brazil. Energy Economics. 2011, 3, 1146-1154.
European Biofuels technology Platform available online: www.biofuelstp.eu/bioethanol.html (accessed on 27.03.2016).
FRENCH, R., MALONE, P. Phase equilibria of ethanol fuel blends. Fluid Phase Equilibria. 2005, 228-229, 27-40.
HATAKKA, A. Lignin-modifying enzymes from selected white-rot fungi: production and role from in lignin degradation. FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 1994, 13, 125-135.
HENRICS, A.T.W.M., ZEEMAN, G. Pretreatments to enhance the digestibility of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresource Technology. 2009, 100, 10-18.
JORGENSEN, H., KRISTENSEN, J.B., FELBY, C. Enzymatic conversion of lignocellulose into fermentable sugars: challenges and opportunities. Journal of Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorafinering. 2007, 1(2), 119-134.
KAMINSKI, W., MARSZALEK, J., CIOLKOWSKA, A. Renewable energy source—dehydrated ethanol. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2008, 135, 95-102.
KUMAR, S., SINGH, N., PRASAD, R. Anhydrous ethanol: A renewable source of energy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2010, 14, 1830-1844.
LEJA, K, LEWANDOWICZ, G., GRAJEK, G., Produkcja bioetanolu z surowców celulozowych. Biotechnologia. 2009, 87, 88-101.
ODZIEMKOWSKA, M., MATUSZEWSKA, A., CZARNOCKA, J. Bioethanol as a fuel for compression-ignition engines. Applied Energy. 2016, 184, 1264-1272.
OKABE, K., et al. Energy and cost evaluation for the concentration and dehydration process of bioethanol by zeolite membranes. Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu. 2010, 36, 486-493.
RAKOCZY, J., KUPIEC, K., BŁĄK, A., LARWA, T. Usuwanie wody ze spirytusu gorzelnianego w celu otrzymania bioetanolu paliwowego. Czasopismo Techniczne Chemia. 2008, 1, 115-124.
SUN, Y., CHENG, J., Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material for ethanol production: a review. Bioresource Technology. 2002, 83, 1-11.
SZYMCZYK, E. Stan badań i perspektywy wdrożeń technologii do produkcji bioetanolu paliwowego z surowców lignocelulozowych. Praca dyplomowa. Kraków 2008/2009.
ZHANG, B., SHAHBAZI, A. Recent developments in pretreatment technologies for production of lignocellulosic biofuels. Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology. 2011, 2(2), 1-8.
An Attempt to Reduce the Emission of Spark-Ignition Engine with Mixtures of Bioethanol and Gasoline as Substitute Fuels
Wojciech Gis, Maciej Gis, Piotr Wiśniowski, Mateusz Bednarski
Journal of KONES
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top