The issue of power supply to electric rail vehicles leads to a separation of the rail network into electrified and unelectrified portions, where the sections lacking electrification exclude the operation of electric rail vehicles powered from the overhead lines. The potential solution to this problem was found in adding energy storage systems to electric rail vehicles, to allow them some range of travel beyond the electrified lines. A simulation analysis of a special purpose rail vehicle travelling across a non-electrified section of railway line was conducted to assess the energy consumption rate and the necessary energy storage capacity. Three energy storage solutions were simulated, showing the travel range they can provide, with the aim of finding the lowest battery capacity solution that would still allow the vehicle to safely complete the simulated drive. The final selection of energy storage system capacity was done based on the assumed expected range outside electrified railway weighed against the mass and cost of the extra energy storage system added to the vehicle. For a vehicle with a mass of 65 tons a battery system with a capacity of 600 Ah was found to be sufficient.
Ajanovic A, Haas R, Schrödl M. On the historical development and future prospects of various types of electric mobility. Energies. 2021;14(4):1070.
Barros LAM, Tanta M, Martins AP, Afonso JL, Pinto JG. Opportunities and challenges of power electronics systems in future railway electrification. 2020 IEEE 14th International Conference on Compatibility, Power Electronics and Power Engineering (CPE-POWERENG). 2020:530-537.
Bryk K, Urbański P, Gallas D, Tarnawski P. Michalak P, Stobnicki P. Simulation analysis of an electric multiple unit vehicle energy consumption. SAE Technical Paper 2022-01-1133. 2022.
Cipek M, Pavković D, Kljaić Z, Mlinarić TJ. Assessment of battery-hybrid diesel-electric locomotive fuel savings and emission reduction potentials based on a realistic mountainous rail route. Energy. 2019;173:1154-1171.
Daszkiewicz P, Andrzejewski M, Medwid M, Urbański P, Cierniewski M, Woch A et al. Analysis of the selection of chosen technical parameters of the powertrain system for a diesel-electric rail-road tractor. Combustion Engines. 2021;186(3):64-71.
Daszkiewicz P, Andrzejewski M, Urbański P, Woch A, Stefańska N. Analysis of the exhaust emissions of toxic compounds from a special purpose rail machine PŁT-500 during profiling the ballast cess. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 2021;22(7):80-88.
Fedele E, Iannuzzi D, Del Pizzo A. Onboard energy storage in rail transport: review of real applications and techno-economic assessments. IET Electr Syst Transp. 2021;11(4):279-309.
Gallas D, Stobnicki P, Jakuszko W, Urbański P, Kikut J. Application of alternative drive systems in modern special-purpose rail vehicles. J Transp Eng, 2023;136:23-33.
Gallo M, Botte M, Ruggiero A, D’Acierno L. A simulation approach for optimising energy-efficient driving speed profiles in metro lines. Energies. 2020;13(22):6038.
Gee AM, Dunn RW. Analysis of trackside flywheel energy storage in light rail systems. IEEE T Veh Technol. 2015;64(9):3858-3869.
Herrera VI, Gaztañaga H, Milo A, Saez-de-Ibarra A, Etxeberria-Otadui I, Nieva T. Optimal energy management and sizing of a battery-supercapacitor-based light rail vehicle with a multiobjective approach. IEEE T Ind Appl. 2016;52(4):3367-3377.
Kamińska M, Rymaniak Ł, Lijewski P, Szymlet N, Daszkiewicz P, Grzeszczyk R. Investigations of exhaust emissions from rail machinery during track maintenance operations. Energies. 2021;14(11):3141.
Mayet C, Pouget J, Bouscayrol A, Lhomme W. Influence of an energy storage system on the energy consumption of a diesel-electric locomotive. IEEE T Veh Technol. 2014;63(3):1032-1040.
Merkisz J, Lijewski P, Pielecha J. PEMS-based investigations into exhaust emissions from non-road and rail vehicles. Combustion Engines. 2016;166(3):46-53.
Ogasa M. Energy saving and environmental measures in railway technologies: example with hybrid electric railway vehicles. IEEJ Trans Elec Electron Eng. 2008;3:15-20.
Pielecha I, Merkisz J, Andrzejewski M, Daszkiewicz P, Świechowicz R, Nowak M. Ultracapacitors and fuel cells in rail vehicle drive systems. Rail Vehicles/Pojazdy Szynowe. 2019;2:9-19.
Ratniyomchai T, Hillmansen S, Tricoli P. Recent developments and applications of energy storage devices in electrified railways. IET Electr Syst Transp. 2014;4:9-20.
Rupp A, Baier H, Mertiny P, Secanell M. Analysis of a flywheel energy storage system for light rail transit. Energy. 2016;107:625-638.
Rybicka I, Stopka O, Ľupták V, Chovancová M, Droździel P. Application of the methodology related to the emission standard to specific railway line in comparison with parallel road transport: a case study. MATEC Web Conf. 2018;244:03002.
Rymaniak Ł, Daszkiewicz P, Merkisz J, Bolzhelarskyi YV. Method of determining the locomotive engine specific fuel consumption based on its operating conditions. AIP Conf Proc. 2019;2078(1):020053.
Spiryagin M, Wolfs P, Szanto F, Sun Y, Cole C, Nielsen D. Application of flywheel energy storage for heavy haul locomotives. Appl Energ. 2015;157:607-618.
Spiryagin M, Wu Q, Wolfs P, Sun Y, Cole C. Comparison of locomotive energy storage systems for heavy-haul operation. International Journal of Rail Transportation. 2018;6(1):1-15.
Steiner M, Klohr M, Pagiela S. Energy storage system with ultracaps on board of railway vehicles. 2007 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications. 2007:1-10.
Tamor MA, Gearhart C, Soto C. A statistical approach to estimating acceptance of electric vehicles and electrification of personal transportation. Transport Res C-Emer. 2013;26:125-134.
Urbański P, Gallas D, Stachowicz A, Jakuszko W, Stobnicki P. Analysis of the selection of the auxiliary drive system for a special purpose hybrid rail vehicle. Rail Vehicles/Pojazdy Szynowe. 2022;1-2:30-39.
Urząd Transportu Kolejowego – Sprawozdanie z funkcjonowania rynku kolejowego w 2022 r. (in Polish)
Teymourfar R, Asaei B, Iman-Eini H, Nejati R. Stationary super-capacitor energy storage system to save regenerative braking. Energ Convers Manage. 2012;56:206-214.
Tian Z. Railway energy simulation considering traction power systems. In: Energy-efficient train operation. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer, Cham 2023.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top